The Koh-i-Noor also spelt Koh-i-Nur, is one of the largest diamonds in the world, weigh 105.6 carats. The word Kohinoor means Mountain of Light. The diamond was originally the property of the Kakatiya dynasty mined in Golconda, India. The diamond is believed to come from Kollur Mine a series of 13 ft deep gravel and clay pits on the banks of Krishna River in the Golconda India. If this transfer into jewellery such as original diamond ring price, the cost will be undefined. This is the world most ancient diamond. Strength and the beauty of the Kohinoor was describe by the Mughal poets as “If a strong man were to throw four stones in four direction- north, south, east, west, and a fifth stone in the air and the space between them were filled with gold then also it will not equal the value of the Koh-i-Noor.
The Turco-Mongol founder of the Mughal Empire, mention the weight 187 carats diamond named Kohinoor. Some historians accept this Babur’s diamond information as the is the earliest reference to the Koh-i-Noor. It was further acquired by Alauddin Khalji, ruler of the Khalji dynasty o Delhi Sultanate. At the beginning of 14th century he invaded the kingdoms of southern India and get this diamond. It later passed to successor of the dynasty and Babur hold the diamond in 1526 as an award for his conquest at the Battle of Panipat Shah Jahan, the 5th Mughal emperor placed the kohinoor into his Peacock Throne. In 1658, his son Aurangzeb, was allegedly cut by Hortenso Borgia reducing the weight of the stone to 186 carats.
Ranjit Singh the founder of the Sikh Empire received the Kohinoor from last Mughal successor received as a gift in return for his hospitality. He took possession of the diamond in 1813.
Acquisition by Queen Victoria
Ranjit Singh willed get void and the diamond passed to the East India Company. After Ranjit Singh death in 1839, his will was not executed and all his property was taken by East India company. The Governor-General in charge of the make some ratification of the treaty The Koh-i-Noor was formally presented to Queen Victoria on July 1850 at Buckingham Palace by deputy chairman of the East India Company. The date had coincide with the Company’s 250th anniversary.
The era where people buy gold online, the Kohinoor is on public display in the Jewel House at the Tower of London, where it is visited by millions of visitors every year. The governments of India, Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan all claimed for ownership of the Koh-i-Noor. Indian government demanded for kohinoor return ever since gained its independence from the East India Company in 1947. As this is the property of Ranjit Singh. So Indian government has full right on it. The East India Company and the British government together try to justified there part as per the Last Treaty of Lahore show the gems was legally undertake by the East India Company and rejected the claims of the Diamond.